Royal Scientific Society / National Energy Research Centre

With the Project:
Public Schools Heating Project

The Public Schools Heating Project involves installing efficient air conditioning units for heating public schools in the coldest areas that use old kerosene based heaters in Jordan. This is aimed at replacing the inefficient lamps, full maintenance for the windows and doors that cause heat loss and cover the consumed energy with solar photovoltaic systems in addition to solar water heaters to provide hot water for the domestic uses. The main objectives of the project include: 1. Providing appropriate clean classroom environments clear of the kerosene heaters emissions. 2. Reducing power consumption of public schools. 3. Support and encourage students and the community to use clean energy. 4. Disseminating the concept of energy and water management for students and the community. 5. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. The project tries to involve the local community on different levels in which they introduce the school as a link between local community needs and environmental concerns.


The public schools in Jordan are suffering from poor infrastructure regarding the heating and cooling processes as they use kerosene heaters inside the classrooms. The amount of electricity produced for example by 201 schools is about 6737 Mwh per year. This causes a lot of gas emissions mainly from carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx), which cause regional and local air pollution and an odor that causes migraines to the students and the teachers. The other issue is the Syrian crisis resulting in the influx of Syrian refugees and immigrants into Jordan. This has doubled the load on many public schools where people have to work on two shifts, doubling the energy consumption for each school. This situation has caused the need to evaluate the diversification of the existing heating source to create an alternative reliable main supply of energy. This is to enhance the classroom environment for both students and teachers by evaluating the diversification of the existing heating source to assure a sufficient clean heating source.


Heating using renewable energy is the best solution for a clean classroom environment as it is one of the most viable options that was discussed in the National Energy Strategy 2007- 2020. The share of renewable energy in the total energy mix is planned to reach 7% by 2015 and 10% by 2020 according to Jordan’s First Biennial Update Report. The strategy includes targets to increase contribution of renewable energy sources to the national energy supply. Consequently, the emissions reduction from the operation of this system is estimated to be about 4615 tons of CO2-equivalent each year. The project also has an environmentally sound’s approach through renewable energy, where the whole ecosystem is assessed, thus engaging all the aspects to give rise to one comprehensive action and solution.


The switch from electrical power to solar PV is not only economically attractive but taking into consideration the unstable fuel prices, the Photovoltaic solar system reduced the running cost for heating to zero. The annual money-saving for this project is approximately 1,287,872 USD for the 201 schools. The Public Schools heating project is using the bottom up approach for local and national issues at the same time and applies load studies, detailed designs of the solution, socio-economic surveys and a system to control, monitor and evaluate the air conditioning system.



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