With the Project:
Revival of Rivers by harvesting rainwater in Eastern Rajasthan, India
Tarun Bharat Sangh (TBS) is an innovative model for a community driven river basin management that synergizes traditional wisdom with modern scientific tools. TBS’ project aims at the harvesting of rainwater to provide a sustainable lifestyle to rural communities in 35 villages. The project has ensured water security to 45,000 people, 18,000 livestock and around 10,000 wild animals and birds.
Mismanagement, unchecked use and disruption of natural groundwater recharge mechanisms are the main causes for the drying up of rivers and depletion of groundwater to critical levels. Water scarcity is a result of a constant ecological degradation and climate change in the region. Karauli now faces extreme temperatures, flash floods during monsoons and long spans of droughts.
The solutions revolved around simple, cost effective and focused community driven efforts. Tarun Bharat Sangh was motivated to work in the district for making water secure. The objectives of the project included: equipping communities with information to manage both supply and demand of water, making river Sairni perennial by harvesting rainwater and facilitating creation of community-driven organisations at village and basin levels for water management and natural resources in the river basin.
TBS’ innovation lies in synergising traditional wisdom with modern scientific tools. Scientific tools like geo-tagging, remote sensing and aquifer mapping were used for in-depth understanding of the basin and formulating strategic plans for construction of the structures. The constructed traditional structures (johads) were necessary and the only sustainable solution. The technique skillfully manipulates the micro-environment causing minimum adverse impact on the natural and social environment.
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